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  #141  
Old 10-27-2016, 06:54 PM
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BRAZIL

http://www.wsj.com/articles/brazils-...ise-1477518371

Quote:
Brazil’s Supreme Court Bars Pension Payouts Rise
President Michel Temer hopes pension system reform will keep people in the workforce longer

BRASÍLIA—Brazil’s Supreme Court on Wednesday spared the administration of President Michel Temer added fiscal trouble by ruling that tens of thousands of retirees can’t seek an increase in their payouts.

The court’s 11 justices voted 7-4 that early-age retirees who continue to work and to contribute to the pension system can’t ask for an increase after a few years, a possibility the government argued was against the Constitution.

....
Advocates of the pension benefit recalculation argued that, in a country where workers, regardless of their age, can retire after 30 years of service, added time in the workforce with mandatory social-security contribution should entitle them to a larger payout.


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  #142  
Old 10-30-2016, 11:55 AM
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CHINA

http://www.reuters.com/article/us-ch...-idUSKCN12Q0V5

Quote:
China state media says pension funds investment scheme raises graft risk

A Chinese state-run paper has warned against potential pitfalls from Beijing's moves to invest a portion of pension funds in capital markets, including the prospect that it could lead to graft and mismanagement.

The influential state-run newspaper Global Times said late on Tuesday in its English-language edition that announcement from the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security's (MOHRSS) decision to proceed with the plan has triggered concerns over the management of the pension funds.

"Managing the pension could be a problem since the funds are currently in the hands of local governments," Peng Xizhe, dean of the School of Social Development and Public Policy at Fudan University was quoted as saying.

Mismanagement of public funds is known to be rampant.

More than one million have been punished for corruption between 2013 and this September, as president Xi Jinping pushes ahead with a nation-wide anti-graft campaign, according to party statistics, though many only get administrative punishments.

China announced last August that it will for the first time allow pension funds to be invested in stocks and other assets. Previously, the funds could only be invested in lower-yielding bank deposits and treasuries.

Some provinces have already drafted plans including investment quotas for their investments, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security (MOHRSS) told reporters in Beijing on Tuesday, without identifying the provinces or giving more details.

The first batch of provincial governments will be able to sign a contract with the National Council for Social Security Fund to invest within this year, the ministry said.

Analysts have long warned about China's state pension having a severe funding shortage. Some estimate the cash shortfall could rise to nearly $11 trillion in the next 20 years.
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  #143  
Old 11-07-2016, 11:58 AM
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CHILE

http://www.wsj.com/articles/chile-fa...del-1478289548

Quote:
Chile Faces Growing Pressure to Scrap Private-Pension Model
Country rocked by protests amid disenchantment with small pension payments

Opponents of Chile’s private-pension system stepped up pressure on the government to scrap the once-vaunted model, launching another round of nationwide protests on Friday that resulted in roadblocks and torched buses.

Deputy Interior Secretary Mahmud Aleuy said burning tires used to block streets in Santiago were cleared by police, and authorities would charge protesters who set fire to two public-transit buses.

“Chileans have the right to protest…but it is inappropriate that they create problems for the rest of the country’s citizens,” Mr. Aleuy said in televised comments.

Chile’s retirement program, long praised for not straining public finances, has been sharply criticized in recent months for delivering small pensions, prompting the government to promise changes.

President Michelle Bachelet has said she would seek consensus on pension reforms, a task complicated by her low popularity.

“Violence isn’t the path toward a great national agreement,” she said Friday. Protest leaders said they didn’t condone the vandalism.

.....
Much of the blame is placed on insufficient savings. Ignacio Alvarez, former chief executive AFP Cuprum, one of Chile’s six pension-fund firms, said he urged officials for years to raise the contribution rate, about half the average of OECD countries.

Adding to the strain is that most Chileans don’t contribute regularly due to periods of unemployment or stints in the informal sector. Women are particularly hit hard. According to the association of pension-fund companies, over half of retirees contributed for less than 15 years.

“A pension system is as good as the labor market it is built on,” said Andres Velasco, a former finance minister.
.....
In 2008, during Ms. Bachelet’s first administration, Chile moved toward a mixed system that maintains individual accounts while creating a state-subsidized program to provide poor retirees a minimum pension. Officials also forced pension-fund companies to lower fees by competing for new retirement accounts.

A new set of proposals unveiled in August aims to further cut fees, increase competition with a state-owned pension-fund company and require employers to start making contributions to raise the rate to 15% from 10%.

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  #144  
Old 11-11-2016, 07:00 PM
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BRAZIL

http://www.cctv-america.com/2016/10/...ension-reforms

Quote:
Brazilian workers outraged over proposed pension reforms

Brazil’s President Michel Temer is expected to put forward in the coming weeks a proposal to reform the country’s pension system. There are no details yet on the plan, but what little is known is already causing concern among workers.

By the current laws, workers could retire as early as age 54, eleven years sooner than a widely anticipated proposal that would raise the age to 65.

It’s expected to be part of a pension reform plan coming soon from President Michel Temer, part of his “tough love” campaign to re-balance the country’s finances.

Most economists agree that Brazil’s social security system is not sustainable long-term and that changes are necessary to deal with a growing deficit. But any measures to re-balance the program are bound to meet with strong resistance.

The leftist groups and social movements that protested against the impeachment of Dilma Rousseff have been saying they will take to the streets again to fight any measures set to remove or reduce workers’ rights.

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  #145  
Old 11-15-2016, 08:39 PM
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ISRAEL

http://www.timesofisrael.com/as-isra...isis-stirring/

Quote:
As Israelis live longer, is a pension crisis stirring?

By the year 2035, the number of elderly in the Jewish state will have doubled. Will retirement savings and public benefits suffice?

......
Israel’s public pensions system is made up of the National Insurance Institute old-age allowances, set at a modest monthly NIS 1,531 (about $400) for an individual and NIS 2,301 ($604) for a couple. Israelis with no other source of income are also eligible for NII income supplements and long-term care benefits for the incapacitated. The private occupational pensions system for salaried workers includes what are colloquially known as the “old” pension funds; the “new” pension funds created after sweeping reforms in 1995, which sealed the older funds to new clients, and are defined-contribution plans; life insurance; and provident funds. In 2008, the government implemented mandatory coverage for all Israeli workers.

According to a 2016 OECD report, the government has, for the most part, successfully weaned itself off of the private pension funds, despite some support for the old pension funds and payments to workers in the public sector (including the IDF’s hefty benefits).

“Israel has a young population, but is entering a period of moderate demographic ageing. It is relatively well prepared for this, thanks to the reforms implemented since the mid-1990s, which closed financially unsustainable defined-benefit pension schemes for private and public employees and established a two-pillar pension system, with limited public financing,” it said.

“Total public spending on pensions, mainly public-sector pensions and first-pillar pensions, is relatively low and has been contained over the last decade,” the report said.

A simulation of the demographic changes until 2059, conducted by the Finance Ministry economist Assaf Geva in 2013, found an increase in spending in the public pension system. Spending on the National Insurance Institute’s old-age allowances were projected to climb from 2.6 percent of GDP in 2009, to 3.4%in 2059. The toll of long-term care benefits was also expected to rise from 0.5% in 2009, to 1.1% of GDP five decades later. The study found public spending on occupational pensions for the so-called “budgetary pensions,” which are covered by the employer and have largely been whittled down since the 1990s reforms, would drop from 2% of GDP in 2009, to 0.3% in 2059. At the same time, the public expenditures on the defined-benefit pension plans were expected to jump from 1% of GDP in 2009, to 1.9% in 2039 and remain steady for the next two decades.

.....
But according to Bowers, the focus on bonds is part of the problem. Although Israelis are required to save “at a fairly high rate” as part of the occupational pensions, many of the plans are “a lot more in bonds and in cash, and a lot more investment in Israel versus international markets, so it is both more risky for Israelis because of the high share of investments in Israel and it’s not diversified enough, but it’s also not enough in stocks… and therefore it’s not going to give people the optimal return,” she said.

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  #146  
Old 11-23-2016, 10:13 AM
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SOUTH KOREA
NATIONAL PENSION SERVICE

http://www.reuters.com/article/us-so...-idUSKBN13I049

Quote:
Samsung Group, pension fund offices raided in growing South Korea scandal

South Korean prosecutors raided the offices of Samsung Group on Wednesday, a prosecution official said, after media reports of alleged links with a confidante of President Park Geun-hye who has been indicted in an influence-peddling scandal.

Prosecutors also raided South Korea's largest pension fund, the National Pension Service (NPS), an NPS spokeswoman said. The Yonhap news agency reported that investigators were probing NPS's decision to approve the $8 billion merger of Samsung C&T Corp and Cheil Industries last year.

The raids signaled that prosecutors are expanding their investigation into allegations of influence-peddling in the corruption scandal that has rocked Park's presidency over the relationship between the government and big businesses.

NPS, the world's third-largest pension fund, has come under scrutiny by the media and civic groups over its approval as a major shareholder of the merger between two affiliates of Samsung Group, South Korea's largest family-run conglomerate.

Its backing was seen as crucial to the success of the merger and some South Korean media reports said its approval came under mysterious circumstances.

A Samsung Group spokeswoman confirmed prosecution officials had visited the group's headquarters but she could not provide further details. The NPS spokeswoman declined to give further details.

Prosecutors raided four locations - the NPS headquarters, NPS Investment Management office headquarters, Samsung Group offices and the office of a former NPS investment management official - said a prosecution official who was not authorized to speak to the media and declined to be identified.
......
NPS has defended its decision in the face of criticism that the deal helped the Samsung Group family to cement control of the merged firms at the expense of other shareholders.

"The reason we approved the merger was due to taking a comprehensive view of the merger's synergy effect and potential for stock value increase," it said in a statement last week.

There were "special circumstances" where NPS-owned stakes in both firms were valued at a similar amount, it said. The size of NPS' combined stakes in both firms was about 2.4 trillion won ($2.05 billion), or 3 percent of NPS' domestic stock portfolio.

However, according to records of the NPS Investment Office committee's decision to back the merger in July 2015, acquired by an opposition lawmaker and seen by Reuters, the NPS had calculated a merger ratio of 1:0.46 of Cheil Industries shares to Samsung C&T shares, based on its valuations of the two firms.

This differed from Samsung Group's proposed ratio of 1:0.35, which the NPS committee noted was comparatively unfavorable to Samsung C&T shareholders.

http://www.wsj.com/articles/samsung-...ors-1479871321

Quote:
Samsung Offices Raided by South Korean Prosecutors
National Pension Service also targeted Wednesday

.....
Prosecutors conducted a daylong sweep of the Samsung headquarters in the Gangnam neighborhood of Seoul. At the same time, prosecutors also raided the offices of South Korea’s National Pension Service—the world’s third largest, with about $460 billion in assets, and the largest shareholder in many of South Korea’s biggest companies.

The pension fund last year cast a decisive vote in favor of a merger of two Samsung affiliates that strengthened the grip of vice chairman and third-generation heir Lee Jae-yong on smartphone maker Samsung Electronics Co., the crown jewel of the business empire.

It is unclear if the raids were linked to that merger. Spokespeople for Samsung, the NPS and the prosecutors’ office all confirmed the raids, but declined to elaborate on the reason for the document seizures. South Korea’s Yonhap News Agency said that the Wednesday raids were to investigate last year’s merger of the Samsung companies.

Also included in the raid on Wednesday, said Yonhap, was the office of Hong Wan-sun, the chief investment officer at South Korea’s pension service from 2013 until earlier this year; he was a key proponent of the Samsung merger last year. Mr. Hong didn’t immediately respond to an emailed request for comment.
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  #147  
Old 12-02-2016, 05:58 PM
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JAPAN

http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/201.../#.WEHnPbIrKHs

Quote:
Lower House passes pension reform bill amid opposition protest

A bill aimed at keeping Japan’s pension system sustainable in the face of a graying and shrinking population passed in the House of Representatives Tuesday amid fierce protests from opposition parties.

The ruling coalition of the Liberal Democratic Party and Komeito are aiming to introduce the bill in the Upper House on Friday at the latest so it can be put to a plenary vote for enactment by Dec. 14, the end of an extension to the current extraordinary Diet session.

The governing parties described the bill as essential to softening the impact of demographic change on the pension system, while the opposition claimed it would threaten the livelihoods of those already struggling to get by on pensions.

The Democratic Party, Japanese Communist Party, Liberal Party and Social Democratic Party oppose the content of what they call the “pension-cutting” bill, as well as the way it has been deliberated in the Lower House.

......
Under the bill, payments from fiscal 2021 will be reduced whenever the working-age population, whose contributions fund the system, experiences a decline in wages.

Current rules keep payment levels the same even if wages decline, while if consumer prices and wages decline at the same time, the decrease in pension payments is pinned to the fall in prices rather than wages.

The bill would also change from fiscal 2018 the application of an existing rule called the “macroeconomic slide,” which limits pension payment increases to less than the rate of inflation or wage increases.

The rule is aimed at combating the effects of population decline and demographic shift, but has found little use in the face of the deflation that has plagued Japan’s economy since the late 1990s.

Under the proposed new rule, when deflation prevents payment increases from being limited in a certain year, the equivalent cut will be pushed forward so it can be executed once inflation reappears.

The bill also allows part-time workers at small companies with 500 employees or fewer to join company pension plans and contains a provision to give mothers a break from paying premiums for a period of four months around the birth of a child.
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  #148  
Old 12-18-2016, 09:36 AM
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AUSTRALIA

CUTS
https://www.theguardian.com/australi...ension-changes

Quote:
Marginal Coalition electorates among the hardest hit by pension changes
Malcolm Turnbull answers union robocalls with own message before changes push 91,000 people off pension

Pensioners in marginal Coalition electorates will be among the hardest hit by changes to their payments in the new year, with those facing cuts in Sarah Henderson’s seat of Corangamite and Ann Sudmalis’s seat of Gilmore set to lose a total of more than $13m a year.

The effect of the cuts to some pensioners’ payments from 1 January is revealed in a new Australian Council of Trade Unions analysis of answers to questions on notice by the social services minister, Christian Porter, late last year.

The government has been on the defensive over the pension changes, with Malcolm Turnbull answering a union robocall blitz with a recording of his own reassuring pensioners the “vast majority” will be unaffected.

Under the changes, passed with Greens support in 2015, singles with savings and assets of more than $547,000 (excluding the family home) will lose the aged pension, while couples with savings and assets of $823,000 will lose the pension.

The changes will push 91,000 people off the pension and reduce the payment for 236,000 but 171,500 will get a $30 a week boost to their pension. The human services minister, Alan Tudge, told Radio National on Thursday more than 90% of pensioners would be better off or no worse off and only pensioners with “high assets above and beyond their family home” would receive a cut.

......
On Friday, Bill Shorten labelled Turnbull “the nation’s No 1 crybaby” over the pension controversy and said he was “completely wrong” to claim people weren’t affected.

“I’ve got a Christmas tip for Malcolm Turnbull – if you don’t want people to complain about your pension cuts, don’t cut the pension,” he said.

Asked if he condemned the ACTU’s robocalls, Shorten replied: “I am not going to condemn people telling other Australians what’s going on.

“The fact of the matter is if a robocall is such a bad idea from the unions, why is Malcolm Turnbull doing it? You can’t say it is bad when one person does it and then do it yourself.”

Shorten said Turnbull should “stop complaining about the messenger and start dealing with the message” – the fact that 330,000 people would lose all or part of their pension from 1 January.

DISABILITY
http://www.msn.com/en-au/news/austra...ott/ar-AAlwRjS


Quote:
'We were too keen to hand out disability support pension', says Tony Abbott

Tony Abbott says governments have been far too ready to put people with bad backs and "a bit of depression" on the disability support pension.
Reflecting on the prevalence of the welfare payment, the former prime minister said for those who find it impossible to find work, "fair enough" they need to be looked after.

"We were far too ready to put people on the disability support pension with bad backs, a bit of depression and so on and these are not permanent conditions," he told Ray Hadley on 2GB radio today.

Mr Abbott also said excuses were too often accepted from people on unemployment benefits refusing to take a job.

http://www.smh.com.au/federal-politi...14-gtasat.html

Quote:
Tony Abbott slams pensions for people with 'bad backs, a bit of depression'


Tony Abbott has criticised Australia's welfare system saying major cities are fringed by "white welfare villages" while people in regional areas would rather be unemployed than work in jobs such as fruit picking and cleaning.

As the Turnbull government prepares to find further budget savings from the welfare system, the former prime minister said on Wednesday that people needed to take whatever jobs were on offer.

.....
Mr Abbott said people were turning down jobs because they did not like them, an echo of his 1999 comments when, as employment minister, he called people "job snobs".

"These might not be the jobs you want to do for the rest of your life but a job is a job...You have to take it, you just have to take it," Mr Abbott said on Wednesday.

Mr Abbott said he was proud of his government's crackdown on people receiving the disability support pension.

"​If people are doing the best they can for themselves and for their families and it is literally impossible for them to find work, fair enough. [But] we were far too ready to put people on the DSP [disability support pension], with bad backs, a bit of depression and so on. These are not permanent conditions."

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  #149  
Old 12-27-2016, 01:35 PM
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AUSTRALIA

http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/gov...314a16d92b2921

Quote:
Government promises changes to pension asset test ‘a win’

MOST pensioners will be “better off” under changes in the new year, the Turnbull Government has insisted.

The contentious changes to the pension assets test, which come into force from January 1, are being linked to a seven-percentage-point plunge in the primary vote in the latest opinion poll for the Coalition among voters over 50.

“The family home remains completely exempt and it is only those with a substantial asset base that see some change. I think most Australians will support them,” Senator Ryan said.

“These are changes both the Coalition legislated but also the Labor Party took to the election as part of its election policy.”

Under the changes, more than 230,000 Australians will have their payments slashed and a further 90,000 will have their part-pension axed.

The Government said the changes to the asset test would see 171,000 pensioners with “modest assets” receive an *increase of about $30 a fortnight to their payments, with 3.7 million either being better off or unaffected.

Under the changes, single homeowning pensioners will still be able to own $250,000 in assets, while a couple can have up to $375,000 in assets before their payments are affected.


http://www.afr.com/news/coalition-ac...0161227-gti9aq

Quote:
Coalition accuse Labor of pension asset test 'scare campaign'

The Coalition has accused Labor of running a "dishonest scare campaign" on changes to the pension assets test due to come into force from January 1, as polls show a drop in support for the government among older voters.

Special Minister of State Scott Ryan broke the holiday silence from the government and addressed the media on Tuesday to make the accusation.

"These are changes both the Coalition legislated but also the Labor Party took to the election as part of its election policy," Mr Ryan said.

"There's a dishonest scare campaign being run by Bill Shorten and his union mates despite the fact these are policies they took to the election campaign and regardless of who was in government these would be coming into effect on January 1."



Read more: http://www.afr.com/news/coalition-ac...#ixzz4U3ptAKjl
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  #150  
Old 12-28-2016, 11:41 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by campbell View Post
http://www.reuters.com/article/us-so...-idUSKBN14G1TW

Quote:
South Korea pension fund chief detained by special prosecutor

South Korean prosecutors put the chairman of the world's third-largest pension fund under emergency arrest on Wednesday in a widening influence-peddling scandal that has led to parliament voting to impeach President Park Geun-hye.

The special prosecutor's office did not provide further details on the arrest of National Pension Service (NPS) Chairman Moon Hyung-pyo. Officers on Monday raided his home on suspicion of abuse of power.

The special prosecutor has been looking into whether Moon pressured the pension fund to support the $8 billion merger last year of two Samsung Group [SAGR.UL] affiliates while he was head of the Ministry of Health and Welfare, which runs the NPS.

Investigators are also examining whether Samsung's support for a business and foundations backed by the president's friend, Choi Soon-sil, who is at the center of the influence-peddling scandal, may have been connected to NPS support for the merger, a prosecution official told Reuters last week.

Moon said on Tuesday, as he arrived at the prosecutor's office, he would cooperate and did not comment when asked if he pressured the NPS to vote for the merger.

On Dec. 9, the NPS dismissed as "groundless" a media report that Moon had coerced the NPS to support the merger.

The NPS had 545 trillion won ($451.35 billion) under management at the end of September and was a major shareholder in Samsung Group affiliates Cheil Industries Inc and Samsung C&T Corp when they merged last year.
......
At a parliamentary hearing this month, Samsung Group scion Jay Y. Lee denied allegations from lawmakers that Samsung lobbied to get the NPS to vote in favor of the merger, or that it made contributions seeking something in return.

A Samsung Group spokeswoman declined further comment on Wednesday.

Investigators raided NPS offices last week and in November.

Under South Korean law, a suspect can be held under emergency arrest without a warrant for up to 48 hours.
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