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  #621  
Old 12-04-2019, 07:37 PM
Pamela Wells Pamela Wells is offline
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Wow. That's frightening.
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  #622  
Old 12-04-2019, 08:00 PM
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Arthur Itas Arthur Itas is offline
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Quote:
Originally Posted by twig93 View Post
Ugh... 48 deaths among kids 4 & under when kids arenít fully vaccinated. Herd immunity fell apart & innocent babies paid the price.
Diseases we should be free from are killing babies, and the antivaxxers just keep spreading their idiocy.
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  #623  
Old 12-05-2019, 10:06 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Lucy View Post
I had read that previously. But I guess the extent of the degredation of the immune system has been hard to measure. They key info is:

The research found that the MMR vaccine itself did not produce immune suppression, meaning that recipients get the benefit of lifelong immunity to measles infection without the damaging effects of natural infection.

Such a great immunization!
Hmm, one of my sisters who got one type of measles just before the vaccine for it came out, and then got the other one FROM the vaccine(which used to happen occasionally) gets sick a lot more than the rest of us.
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  #624  
Old 12-06-2019, 08:41 AM
Steve Grondin Steve Grondin is offline
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The particularly sad thing about the Samoa outbreak is in June 2018 the vaccine was improperly prepared and caused two infants to die from the vaccination.
Link
The vaccination program was suspended during the inquiry.

Last edited by Steve Grondin; 12-06-2019 at 12:25 PM.. Reason: fixed phone post link
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  #625  
Old 12-06-2019, 09:35 AM
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fixing your link:
https://www.immune.org.nz/hot-topic/...ng-mmr-vaccine

Quote:
The deaths of two infants on 6 July 2018 in Samoa shortly after receiving their MMR immunisations were under investigation by the Samoan Ministry of Health and Samoan Police. However, the inquest was put on hold until the trial of the two nurses who administered the MMR vaccines had been completed.

On 4 June 2019, both nurses pleaded guilty to negligence causing manslaughter. On 2 August, both nurses were sentenced to five years in prison. During the sentencing hearing, it was confirmed that one of the nurses mixed the MMR vaccine powder with expired muscle relaxant anaesthetic instead of water for injection supplied in a vial with the vaccine. Eight Samoan speaking New Zealand nurses visited Samoa in June to provide training for vaccinating nurses at district hospitals.

holy shit.

https://www.samoaobserver.ws/category/samoa/46741
Quote:
According to police facts tendered in court, standard procedures for preparing vaccines were not followed at the Tuasivi Hospital on the morning of the incident, including a requirement that registered nurses thoroughly check the labels on the components used to mix vaccines.

Luse mixed the M.M.R. vaccine powder with an expired anaesthetic, the Court was told.

“Unfortunately Luse, without checking the vial, mixed the powder of vaccine with what she thought was a proper [substance for dilution]," the facts state.

"It was not."

Justice Vui found that the vial containing anaesthetic was clearly labelled but not checked.

“That action would have avoided the tragic events that were then followed," he said.

"[Luse] breached protocols and became grossly negligent in the discharge of her duties.”

The fatal vaccination was performed by a trainee nurse under Luse's supervision with the syringe and ampule discarded in a rubbish bin.

......
Justice Vui said, at this point, applicable nursing protocols required that further vaccinations at the Hospital should have stopped following the death of a previously healthy baby.

“It appears from the material the defendants did not recognise the possibility the problem was the vaccine," he said.

The defendants told the Probation Office they concluded the baby was allergic to the vaccine.

"They concluded without any evidence to support their theory; a conclusion plucked out of thin air," the Acting Chief Justice said.

The second defendant, Leutogi, concluded that the child must have been suffering from a prior illness.

Justice Vui characterised this as a “clearly callous observation unsupported by evidence".

"If the child was sick, they should have not immunised the baby," he said.

Justice Vui said the doctor on duty at Tuasivi Hospital gave no instructions to the nurses after they reported the incident.

“Tuasivi hospital must also share the blame of what occurred,” said Justice Vui.

For Leutogi, the Acting Chief Justice said her crime related to negligence in her duties as a Nurse Manager and her role in persuading the mother of the second baby, the boy, to have the vaccine after she objected to having her child vaccinated.

“And so Luse told her if that was case, she would need to sign a refusal to consent form; at this point Leutogi then convinced the mother to have her child vaccinated," he said.

Police said Leutogi was warned by the other nurses not to but used the same mixture that had been administered to the first child earlier that morning and the nurse proceeded to personally administer the vaccine to the baby.

In a mirror of the first case earlier that morning the baby’s condition rapidly deteriorated.

“Efforts to save this young baby stood no chance," Justice Vui said.

“It took the death of the second child before the defendants to finally realise the problem laid not on the children but the supposedly safe vaccine."

Luse retraced her steps to the rubbish bin and retrieved the anaesthetic and syringes, where she noticed that the wrong bottle had been used to mix the vaccine and that it was expired.

"Fear for consequences for her [led her to conceal] the vial and rest of the vaccine in a plastic bag and put it in her pocket; [she] said nothing to anyone about what she had discovered," Justice Vui said.

“And she took the materials home. She kept this information until two weeks later when she disclosed the police investigators what had occurred.

“The post mortem conducted confirms the cause of death is the result of the children being injected lethal cocktail mixed by Luse with expired anaesthetic."

In addition to two counts of negligence causing manslaughter Luse was sentenced to an additional six months' jail for conspiring to defeat the course of justice by attempting to conceal the circumstances of the infants' death..

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  #626  
Old 12-07-2019, 09:58 AM
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SUPERBUGS
JAPAN

https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/20...3#.XeujGkZKiUk
Quote:
Drug-resistant bacteria killed over 8,000 in Japan in 2017, researchers estimate

Spoiler:
Amid growing concern worldwide over antibiotic resistance, a research team said Thursday that more than 8,000 people nationwide are estimated to have died due to two major drug-resistant bacteria in 2017.

The first such survey conducted on a national level revealed the serious impact of the bacteria, which are feared to be spreading fast as a result of the overuse of antibiotics on people and animals, and underscored the need for Japan to use the drugs more appropriately, the team said.

The team at the Center Hospital of the National Center for Global Health and Medicine collected data on patients with bacteremia caused by two commonly detected antibiotic-resistant bacteria — Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) and fluoroquinolone-resistant salmonella.

Using the data provided by medical institutions, the team estimated the annual number of deaths hovered around 7,400 and 8,100 between 2011 and 2017.

By bacterium, MRSA deaths stood at 4,224 in 2017, although the number has been on the decline since 2011, and salmonella deaths were at 3,915, marking a continuous increase during the period, according to the team.

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“As the number of MRSA deaths are falling, the government’s measures against drug-resistant bacteria, including giving favorable treatment to hospitals promoting proper use of antibiotics, appear to be effective to a certain level,” said Hiroshige Mikamo, an expert on the bacteria at Aichi Medical University.

But Mikamo called for reviewing the development of new drugs as well as how doctors choose drugs in treating patients, saying the annual number of deaths caused by the bacteria, including those not covered by the latest survey, is likely to “easily eclipse 10,000.”

Yoshiaki Gu, of the AMR Reference Center at the Center Hospital, said the team hopes to grasp the bigger picture by ascertaining the number of deaths caused by other drug-resistant bacteria, whether the patients suffered aftereffects and how long they were hospitalized.

While the bacteria largely do not impact healthy people, the risk of death from an infection rises in elderly people and those with a weakened immune system.

Every year, it is estimated that drug-resistant bacteria kill more than 35,000 people in the United States and some 33,000 in Europe, but the figures for Japan had been unknown, according to the team.

Although antibiotics are ineffective in treating viral infections, such as the common cold, many doctors in the country are known to prescribe them for such illnesses nonetheless.

The practice has been blamed for the spread of drug-resistant bacteria, with reports of middle ear and urinary tract infections becoming harder to treat than ever before in Japan and overseas.

The bacteria are also found in livestock, food, water and soil, and some researchers have pointed to their association with anti-bacterial additives found in livestock feed.

In 2018, the World Health Organization warned in a report that antibiotic resistance is rising to dangerously high levels in all parts of the world.

New resistance mechanisms are emerging and spreading globally, threatening medical institutions’ ability to treat common infectious diseases.

A growing list of infections — such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, blood poisoning, gonorrhoea and foodborne diseases — are becoming harder, and sometimes impossible, to treat as antibiotics become less effective, it said.

Antibiotic resistance leads to higher medical costs, prolonged hospital stays and increased mortality, the WHO said.

“The world urgently needs to change the way it prescribes and uses antibiotics. Even if new medicines are developed, without behavior change, antibiotic resistance will remain a major threat,” it said.


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  #627  
Old 12-07-2019, 10:00 AM
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MEASLES

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-h...-idUSKBN1Y92CM

Quote:
WHO decries 'collective failure' as measles kills 140,000

Spoiler:
LONDON (Reuters) - Measles infected nearly 10 million people in 2018 and killed 140,000, mostly children, as devastating outbreaks of the viral disease hit every region of the world, the World Health Organization said on Thursday.

FILE PHOTO: A nurse fills a syringe with a vaccine before administering an injection at a children's clinic in Kiev, Ukraine August 14, 2019. REUTERS/Valentyn Ogirenko
In figures described by its director general as “an outrage”, the WHO said most of last year’s measles deaths were in children under five years old who had not been vaccinated.

“The fact that any child dies from a vaccine-preventable disease like measles is frankly an outrage and a collective failure to protect the world’s most vulnerable children,” said the WHO’s director general Tedros Adhanom Ghebreysus.

The picture for 2019 is even worse, the WHO said, with provisional data up to November showing a three-fold increase in case numbers compared with the same period in 2018.

The United States has already reported its highest number of measles cases in 25 years in 2019, while four countries in Europe - Albania, the Czech Republic, Greece and Britain – lost their WHO “measles-free” status in 2018 after suffering large outbreaks.

An outbreak in the South Pacific nation of Samoa has infected more than 4,200 people and killed more than 60, mostly babies and children, in a battle complicated by a vocal anti-vaccination movement.

In 2018, measles hit hardest in Liberia, Ukraine, Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar and Somalia, the WHO said, with these five nations accounting for nearly half of all cases worldwide.

Globally, measles vaccination rates have stagnated for almost a decade. The WHO and the UNICEF children’s fund say that in 2018, around 86% of children got a first dose of measles vaccine through routine vaccination plans, and fewer than 70% got the second dose recommended to fully protect them.

STAGGERING
Heidi Larson, director of the Vaccine Confidence Project at Britain’s London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, said the numbers were “staggering”.

“Some countries are scrambling to vaccinate in the face of serious outbreaks - far too late for many,” she said.

Measles is one of the most contagious known diseases, more so than Ebola, tuberculosis or flu. It can linger in the air or on surfaces for several hours after an infected person has been and gone, putting anyone not vaccinated at risk.

Among wealthier nations, vaccination rates have been hurt by some parents shunning them for what they say are religious or philosophical reasons. Mistrust of authority and debunked myths about links to autism also weaken vaccine confidence and lead some parents to delay protecting their children.

Research published in October showed that measles infection not only carries a risk of death or severe complications including pneumonia, brain damage, blindness and deafness, but can also damage the victim’s immune memory for months or years - leaving those who survive measles vulnerable to other dangerous diseases such as flu or severe diarrhea.

The WHO data showed there were an estimated 9,769,400 cases of measles and 142,300 related deaths globally in 2018. This compares to 7,585,900 cases and 124,000 deaths in 2017.

Charlie Weller, head of vaccines at the Wellcome Trust global health charity, said the numbers were a tragedy. “If we are to protect lives, we must understand and address the reasons why measles vaccine uptake is lower,” she said.


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  #628  
Old 12-10-2019, 05:49 AM
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SAMOA
MEASLES

https://www.npr.org/2019/12/06/78548...ath-toll-rises
Quote:
Samoa Arrests Anti-Vaccination Activist As Measles Death Toll Rises

Spoiler:
Samoan authorities have arrested a prominent anti-vaccination activist amid an outbreak that has killed at least 63 people, most of them children.

Edwin Tamasese has been charged with "incitement against a government order," according to the BBC.

Government officials say anti-vaccination advocates such as Tamasese have complicated their sweeping efforts to turn the tide on the highly contagious disease that has sickened more than 4,300 people on the independent Pacific islands.

The government has declared a state of emergency and ordered mandatory vaccinations. It shut schools indefinitely. This week, it launched a door-to-door mass vaccination campaign, asking families to pin a piece of red cloth on their homes if they haven't been vaccinated.

On Thursday and Friday, the government closed all of its offices except public utilities, so that civil servants could focus on the campaign. Officials say more than 20,000 people have received vaccines.

"Let us work together to ... convince those that do not believe that vaccinations are the only answer to the epidemic. Let us not be distracted by the promise of alternative cures," Prime Minister Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi said earlier this week.

Measles Numbers Were Bad In 2018. This Year, They're Even Worse
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Measles Numbers Were Bad In 2018. This Year, They're Even Worse
The anti-vaccination movement "unfortunately has been slowing us down," Samoa's minister of communication, Afamasaga Lepuiai Rico Tupai, told New Zealand's 1 News Now.

Tupai blamed "anti-vaxxers" for the deaths of children. "We find out it's the message of anti-vaxx that's got to these families. ... What we say to them is, 'Don't be in the way of government. Don't be contributing to the deaths and the numbers rising.' "

As Tamasese was being taken into custody, he spoke out again on social media against the vaccine, falsely claiming that a combination of vitamin C and sodium ascorbate, a mineral salt of ascorbic acid, can cure the disease. "This will save your kids," was posted on Facebook before, he said, authorities took his phone.

Response to Tamasese's arrest has ranged from support from people who call him a hero to derision from critics who accuse him of worsening a deadly crisis.

"In jail for somthing he said? Do you all not see somthing wrong with this?" one Facebook user said. Another called for significant penalties: "Spreading antivaxx propaganda and lies which endangers children in the middle of an epidemic. He should be locked up for good."

Samoa's attorney general told Stuff that authorities were responding to the following statement Tamasese allegedly made about the government's vaccination campaign: "I'll be here to mop up your mess. Enjoy your killing spree."

Samoan Government To Close Its Offices Amid Measles Crisis That Has Left 53 Dead
GLOBAL HEALTH
Samoan Government To Close Its Offices Amid Measles Crisis That Has Left 53 Dead
In a speech on Thursday, Simona Marinescu, the United Nations resident coordinator for the region, called the outbreak "one of the greatest challenges that this country experienced in its recent history." Last week, the Samoan government asked the U.N. for help in controlling the epidemic.

Vaccination rates in Samoa have dramatically dipped in recent years, according to a new report from UNICEF. Coverage "plummeted from 58 per cent in 2017 to just 31 per cent in 2018, largely due to misinformation and mistrust among parents." UNICEF says vaccination rates of at least 95% are needed to prevent outbreaks.

The government's campaign has given that effort a huge boost. It said that as of Thursday, 82% of children under 5 on Samoa's two main islands are vaccinated.

Samoa's crisis comes during a global resurgence of the preventable disease. The World Health Organization estimates there were nearly 10 million measles cases last year — and 140,000 deaths.


https://abcnews.go.com/News/samoa-ar...GdR5y7xAD2RKhw
Quote:
Samoa arrests anti-vaccine activist as it combats deadly measles outbreak
Anti-vaxx activist Edwin Tamasese was arrested and charged with incitement.

Spoiler:
Samoa arrested a prominent local anti-vaccination activist, as authorities carry out a mass vaccination campaign in the Pacific island nation in response to a measles epidemic that has caused 63 deaths so far.

Anti-vaccination activist Edwin Tamasese was arrested Thursday and charged with incitement against government vaccination orders. He could face up to two years in jail.

Tamasese posted a picture on his Facebook page, where he promotes a range of unproven treatments for measles and other ailments, showing what appears to be two police officers sitting in front of him in a vehicle. He wrote, "Well it's come to this."

Low vaccination rate and deadly medical mistake led to Samoa measles outbreak: health experts
The Samoan government said 4,357 cases of measles have been diagnosed on the island since the outbreak began in October. Most of those who have died are young children.

Authorities have declared a state of emergency and made vaccinations compulsory. Government officials said anti-vaccination activists had a negative impact on efforts to treat the outbreak.

"The anti-vaxxers, unfortunately, have been slowing us down," Communications Minister Afamasaga Rico Tupai said in an interview with New Zealand television station 1 News.


Government of Samoa
@samoagovt
Latest update: 4,357 measles cases have been reported since the outbreak with 140 recorded in the last 24 hours. To date, 63 measles related deaths have been recorded.

VACCINATION UPDATE: Graphic uploaded below - as of 5 December 2019.

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"We have families [where] unfortunately children passed away, only having come to the hospital as a last resort. Then we find out it is the anti-vaxx message that has got to these families that have kept their kids at home," he said.

He urged anti-vaccination activists, "Don't get in the way of government. Don't contribute to the deaths."

Authorities told most workers to stay home Thursday and Friday this week as 100 mobile vaccination teams undertake a mass vaccination effort, according to 1 News. In a bid to halt the spread of the disease, officials urged people to stay at home and hang red flags outside their property if they had not been vaccinated.

The Samoa Observer, a local newspaper, described the normally bustling capital of Apia as a "ghost town" as a result of the order.


Government of Samoa
@samoagovt
Today, PM Tuilaepa announced the preliminary figures for the Door to Door Mass Vaccination Campaign (only).
•5 Dec – 17,551
•6 Dec (AM) – 3,089
Clarification on collection of above data and full press conference at: https://facebook.com/samoagovt/

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The government of Samoa said on Twitter 17,551 people were vaccinated on Thursday, and 3,089 had been vaccinated on Friday morning, the latest period for which data was available. Samoa has a population of around 200,000.

Prior to the outbreak, Samoa had notoriously low vaccination rates, with data from the WHO and UNICEF estimating that the country's national immunization coverage fell from 74% to 34% between 2017 and 2018.

The World Health Organization (WHO) said measles cases are surging globally, with outbreaks in all regions. There were 140,000 deaths from measles worldwide in 2018, according to figures released Thursday by WHO, mostly among children under the age of 5.

Worldwide measles deaths surge, reversing years of progress
The United Nations' children's charity, UNICEF, reported that measles cases worldwide had doubled in 2018 when compared to 2017.

"When children go unvaccinated in significant numbers, entire communities are at risk. We see that even today in remote places like in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where measles has killed more than 4,500 children under the age of five so far this year; or in Samoa, where a rapidly spreading measles outbreak has left many children ill and unable to go to school," said Henrietta Fore, UNICEF's executive director, in a statement.
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  #629  
Old 12-10-2019, 02:46 PM
Pamela Wells Pamela Wells is offline
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Good.
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  #630  
Old 01-07-2020, 07:18 AM
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HONG KONG

https://nypost.com/2020/01/04/hong-k...stery-illness/
Quote:
Hong Kong activates ‘serious response’ to growing mystery illness

Spoiler:
Hong Kong authorities stepped up monitoring of airports and train stations Saturday in response to a mysterious outbreak of a viral pneumonia.

Officials activated a new “serious response” level, which indicates a moderate impact on Hong Kong’s 7.5 million people, The Associated Press said. It is the second highest in a three-tier system that is part of a new government plan launched Saturday to respond to infectious diseases of unknown cause.

The outbreak started last month in the mainland city of Wuhan, a city about 600 miles northwest of Hong Kong. At least 44 people have fallen ill, with 11 of them in critical condition, the South China Morning Post reported.

All were being treated in isolation and 121 others who had been in close contact with them were under observation. So far, no medical workers have been infected and there have been no clear indications of human-to-human transmission of the disease.

Many of the ill worked at a seafood market that also sold live wild animals like rabbits and birds that can carry viruses dangerous to humans. Avian flu has been ruled out, along with influenza.

While the market has been scoured, the outbreak has prompted worries about the return of the 2002-2003 SARS epidemic that started in southern China and killed nearly 800 people and infected more than 8,000 in the mainland, Hong Kong and elsewhere.

The most common symptom is fever, with shortness of breath and lung infections in a small number of cases, the Wuhan Health Commission said.

Hong Kong’s health department added an additional thermal imaging system at the city’s airport to check the body temperature of arriving passengers. Temperature checks are also being done at the West Kowloon high-speed rail station that connects Hong Kong to the mainland.

Screening measures were also adopted in Singapore and Taiwan.

The World Health Organization is “closely monitoring” the outbreak.



http://www.thestandard.com.hk/breaki...d=139472&sid=4

Quote:
Seven infected cases unrelated to Wuhan outbreaks, government raises infections response level to "serious”

Spoiler:
The government has activated a response plan to the outbreak of pneumonia in Wuhan city and raised the response level from “alert” to “serious” this morning as three more people have fallen ill after visiting Wuhan, adding up to a total of 8 suspected cases reported.

It was confirmed that the first 7 cases reported were not related to the unidentified pneumonia outbreak in wet markets in Wuhan.

The response mechanism, namely the Preparedness and Response Plan for Novel Infectious Disease of Public Health Significance, was classified as level two of a three-tier scale.

Speaking on a radio program, the Secretary for Food and Health Sophia Chan Siu-chee said the Hospital Authority has received 2 more reported cases with respiratory and fever after visiting Wuhan yesterday, increasing the total number of suspected cases to 7.

TS Channel

More>>
The 3 new cases have either passed by or stayed in Wuhan in the past 14 days, one of which involved a 4-year-old female patient infected with confirmed Rhinovirus, and the other 50-year-old male patient has been confirmed with H1N1 influenza.

Five of the cases have been discharged from hospital, while the remaining three were in Princess Margaret Hospital, Tseung Kwan O Hospital, and Tuen Mun Hospital.

Chan said the Hospital Authority would act on infection control procedures, such as reviewing crowd control measures and regulating visiting hours to minimize the flow of people in hospitals.

A spokesperson of the Hospital Authority announced they have taken new measures in accordance with the government's response mechanism.

Visiting time at isolation wards has been cut unless on compassionate ground, for general acute wards, visiting hours has been limited to not more than two hours per day, only two visitors would be allowed each time.

The Hospital Authority said the current stockpile for surgical masks and “N95” masks that offer better protection is adequate for three month's consumption, while they will maintain close liaison with the suppliers to ensure a sustainable supply.

Suspected cases that might be linked to viral pneumonia, similar to SARs outbreak in 2003, will be placed in isolation.

The authority also reminded frontline medical staff of public hospitals to be aware of patients' clinical information, including fever and respiratory illness and travel history to Wuhan within two weeks prior to the onset of symptoms.

Meanwhile, Ho Pak-leung, head of the University of Hong Kong's Center for Infection, said the virus is “probably spreading between people”.

The government has already implemented monitoring measures, check-up points have been set up at the airport to track arrival cases with fever symptoms, and increased use of infrared detectors at the airport.

However, Ho said the government should employ monitoring tools at all of the city's borders, including the high-speed railway station as the number of infected cases in Wuhan was worrying.

Ho also said it is possible the virus can be passed between people and the virus is likely to spread across crowded areas in Hong Kong.

The number of people infected with an unidentified virus in Wuhan city in Hubei province has risen from 27 to 44, and 11 of them are in serious condition. No death cases have been reported.



https://www.chp.gov.hk/files/pdf/enh..._wuhan_eng.pdf
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