Home Forums SOA Exams Easy APVs from an inputted “y, l(y)” table using Excel

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Richard Purvey
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Actuarial Contingencies: A simple way to get an Excel spreadsheet to calculate APVs based on an inputted “y, l(y)” table

Here is a simple way to get an Excel spreadsheet to calculate five APVs based on an inputted “y, l(y)” table. The five APVs are;

APV1

APV of an n-year temporary immediate life annuity, with a discount factor of v, of 1 per year payable once a year for (x)

APV2

APV of an n-year temporary life annuity due, with a discount factor of v, of 1 per year payable once a year for (x)

APV3

APV of an endowment insurance, with a discount factor of v, of 1, where the death benefit is payable at the end of the year of death for (x), provided this occurs within n years

APV4

APV of a death benefit, with a discount factor of v, of 1 payable at the end of the year of death for (x), provided this occurs within n years

APV5

APV of a pure endowment, with a discount factor of v, of 1 payable after n years as long as (x) is still alive then

Method;

COLUMN A

Put the heading, x, into cell A1

COLUMN B

Put the heading, n, into cell B1

COLUMN C

Put the heading, v, into cell C1

COLUMN D

Put the heading, y, into cell D1, and input the y values into cells D2 down to, and including, cell Dk

For example, say your table had the following y values: 80, 81, 82, 83 and 84. Cell Dk would then be cell D6 i.e. k would equal 6.

COLUMN E

Put the heading, l(y), into cell E1, and input the l(y) values into cells E2 down to, and including, cell Ek

COLUMN F

Put the heading, r, into cell F1, and input the formula, =IF(AND(D2>=\$A\$2, D2<=\$A\$2+\$B\$2), D2-\$A\$2, “”) into cell F2 and copy this formula down to, and including, cell Fk

COLUMN G

Put the heading, v^r, into cell G1, and input the formula, =IF(F2<>””, \$C\$2^F2, “”) into cell G2 and copy this formula down to, and including, cell Gk

COLUMN H

Put the heading, x+r, into cell H1, and input the formula, =IF(F2<>””, D2, “”) into cell H2 and copy this formula down to, and including, cell Hk

COLUMN I

Put the heading, l(x+r), into cell I1, and input the formula, =IF(F2<>””, E2, “”) into cell I2 and copy this formula down to, and including, cell Ik

COLUMN J

Put the heading, v^rl(x+r), into cell J1, and input the formula, =IF(F2<>””, G2*I2, “”) into cell J2 and copy this formula down to, and including, cell Jk

COLUMN K

Put the heading, v^rl(x+r) for APV1 calc, into cell K1, and input the formula, =IF(AND(D2>=\$A\$2+1, D2<=\$A\$2+\$B\$2), J2,””) into cell K2 and copy this formula down to, and including, cell Kk

COLUMN L

Put the heading, v^rl(x+r) for APV2 calc, into cell L1, and input the formula, =IF(AND(D2>=\$A\$2, D2<=\$A\$2+\$B\$2-1), J2,””) into cell L2 and copy this formula down to, and including, cell Lk

COLUMN M

Put the heading, l(x), into cell M1, and input the formula, =IF(D2=\$A\$2, E2, “”) into cell M2 and copy this formula down to, and including, cell Mk

COLUMN N

Put the heading, v^nl(x+n), into cell N1, and input the formula, =IF(D2=\$A\$2+\$B\$2, J2, “”) into cell N2 and copy this formula down to, and including, cell Nk

COLUMN O

Put the heading, APV1, into cell O1, and input the formula, =SUM(K2:Kk)/SUM(M2:Mk) into cell O2

COLUMN P

Put the heading, APV2, into cell P1, and input the formula, =SUM(L2:Lk)/SUM(M2:Mk) into cell P2

COLUMN Q

Put the heading, APV3, into cell Q1, and input the formula, =1-(1-C2)*P2 into cell Q2

COLUMN R

Put the heading, APV4, into cell R1, and input the formula, =Q2-SUM(N2:Nk)/SUM(M2:Mk) into cell R2

COLUMN S

Put the heading, APV5, into cell S1, and input the formula, =Q2-R2 into cell S2

x, n and v are, of course, input by the user into cells A2, B2 and C2 respectively.

APV1 can, of course, be utilised for the answer to an n-year temporary curtate life expectancy for (x) if v is made equal to 1.

To utilise the Excel spreadsheet to calculate the five APVs for a list of values for x (x=z,z+1,…h), on the same n and v basis in the case of each x, simply;

First

Put the value, z, into cell A3 and input the formula, =A3+1 into cell A4 and copy this formula down to, and including, the column A cell in which the value, h, appears.

Next

Write a loop in Visual Basic which will;

Copy from cell A3 and then paste this VALUE to cell A2 and then copy from cells: O2, P2, Q2, R2 and S2 and then paste these VALUES to cells: O3, P3, Q3, R3 and S3 respectively and then

Copy from cell A4 and then paste this VALUE to cell A2 and then copy from cells: O2, P2, Q2, R2 and S2 and then paste these VALUES to cells: O4, P4, Q4, R4 and S4 respectively and then

Copy from cell A5 and then paste this VALUE to cell A2 and then copy from cells: O2, P2, Q2, R2 and S2 and then paste these VALUES to cells: O5, P5, Q5, R5 and S5 respectively and then

Copy from cell A6 and then paste this VALUE to cell A2 and then copy from cells: O2, P2, Q2, R2 and S2 and then paste these VALUES to cells: O6, P6, Q6, R6 and S6 respectively and then

Repeat this process until finally copying from the column A cell in which the value, h, appeared and then pasting this VALUE to cell A2 and then copying from cells: O2, P2, Q2, R2 and S2 and then pasting these VALUES to the column O, P, Q, R and S cells, in the row in which the value, h, appeared, respectively.

Finally

Run this Visual Basic code.

The column O, P, Q, R and S cells in row 3 downwards now show the five APVs for x=z,z+1,…h respectively.

Richard Purvey November 2023.

No commutation functions, NO recursion formulae and NO approximate methods. Bringing actuarial life contingencies, APV calculations, into the 21st century!

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